On April 5, 2000, the television channel Crónica TV announced, with a disaster typography and a compli- cated syntax, that the TERRORIST GROUP “SABINO NAVARRO” WANTS TO GO INTO ARMED COMBAT. From some place in the Entre Rios jungle, and under the usual ski masks, commanders Chelo, Carlos and Pato announced the return of the armed struggle to Argentina and assured us that this time they would manage to defeat capitalism. Millions of concerned television and radio spectators followed the course of events, but that same afternoon everyone knew that it had been a hoax by José María Lima, Carlos Sánchez and Patricia Rivero, old militants and “piqueteros” (political activists) tired of the indifference of the authorities; the “jungle” was only a park on the coast of Concordia. After prison and social condemnation, Herzog convinced them to act in their own story. But Orquesta roja is not that film; it is an extraordinary combination –in every way- of its making of, of cinema within cinema, of a proper noir thriller and a documentary; an cute documentary not only about the “confusing episode” of April 5, but also about the role of the mass media and cinema in building that fiction that we call reality.