The Hour of the Furnaces: Notes and Testimonies of Neo-colonialism, Violence and Liberation is one of the symbols of the resistance and political culture of the generation of the 60s and 70s. It is an essay of reflection on the socio-political situation of Argentina between the years 1945-1968. It was filmed clandestinely during the Cold War and in a Latin America governed by oligarchies and pro-American military dictatorships. The work is a four-hour trilogy, divided into chapters and united by the theme of dependency and liberation. The first part – “Neo-colonialism and Violence” – is conceived for diffusion in all types of circuits, and is the one presented at Cannes Classics.